More Hazard Communication Issues

An inquiry was made by the American Coatings Association, which they asked OSHA to clearly outline the import of materials and the export of materials in sealed containers for the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS). The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) responded with a Letter of Interpretation (LOI) on November 23rd, 2015 which further clarified the responsibilities of US companies when importing or exporting materials that require attention under the 29 CFR 1910.1200

In regard to import OSHA’s guidance in the LOI states the responsibility falls on the importers to assure compliant labeling when the material becomes under their control. Once in their control, importers must follow the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.1200(b)(4) where applicable. Importers must also assure compliance with HCS 2012 prior to shipping within the United States. In this LOI, OSHA encourages the review of their CPL-02-02-079 Section X.F.2h compliance directive which entails information for materials packaged for shipment prior to June 1st, 2015.

OSHA’s guidance for export in this LOI for sealed containers is that if prepared for direct shipment outside the US and are inside a USDOT approved shipping container, the manufacturer can label the container for the destination country. A HCS compliant label must be affixed to the outside package or be attached to the shipping papers as well. The container would also have to be labeled according the appropriate regulation for transport. In the case of said containers being stored in a manufacturer’s onsite warehouse prior to shipment overseas, then the external packaging must be labeled in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1200(f)(6) in addition to the above mentioned labeling. The requirements of 29 CFR 1910.1200 (b)(4) apply in addition to the requirements already mentioned if containers are stored off-site or in a third party warehouse prior to overseas shipment. The manufacturer must provide a safety data sheet to the third party employer.

Manufacturers that are exporting materials may find relief from the burden of attempting to label shipped containers under the US and other country’s regulations. Reminders have been given to importers that if it cannot be arranged for compliant labeling to be applied materials prior to US entry, the duty will fall upon them.

Access to this LOI, which contains the above information, was provided by the Society for Chemical Hazard Communication (SCHC).

OSHA Update
OSHA Clarifies How to Handle Small Container Labels

After a couple years of head-scratching on how to label small vials and bottles with all the required information, OSHA has released some clarification on how to do so. Unlike WHMIS and the EU, OSHA never released exceptions on how to properly label small containers. Small containers are considered to be in the scope of 5 mL vials or 50 mL bottles. One thing OSHA made very clear is that NIST linking, numbering system and EU exceptions cannot be used. Each label, no matter the size of the bottle, must contain all the required information.

OSHA recently released guidelines on how workplace labels can be handled with such small containers. While pull-out labels, fold back labels, or tags can be used, there are cases where even these smaller labels can be too large for the container or not cost effective. Thankfully, OSHA understands that and has cleared up how to handle this.
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CPSC Declines to Incorporate GHS Classification for Sensitizers

In a set-back for harmonization between U.S. regulations for consumer products and workplace chemicals, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has decided not to adopt the classification for sensitizers used by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

In a Final Rule published in the Federal Gazette on February 14, 2014 (CPSC Docket No. CPSC-2013-0010), the CPSC has revised the supplemental definition of “strong sensitizer” under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA). The FHSA addresses various chemical hazards for consumer products. This new definition is intended to:
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OSHA is One Step Closer to Implementing GHS

It appears that the Globally Harmonized System in the US is still not quite ready.

The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA), under the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), began a review on October 25, 2011, of a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Docket No. OSHA–H022K–2006–0062, from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). This amendment would adapt the hazard communication requirements of Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations (29 CFR) to reflect the international standard known as the Globally Harmonized System, or GHS.

As its name implies, the OMB’s mission is to assist the President in overseeing the preparation of the federal budget, and review and oversee financial implications of new regulations. The office must review regulations before they can proceed to final publication.

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