Welcome back to the Regulatory Helpdesk where we answer your dangerous goods & hazmat questions. We’re here to help you become independent with – and understand the whys and hows of – the regulations.
Lithium Battery Contained in Equipment
Q. We need to ship a lithium ion battery installed in a scooter. The battery is 36 volts and 14.5 ampere-hours which makes it 522 watt-hours. We are in California and need to get it to Seattle, Washington. We believe the box needs a class 9 label but aren’t sure about the other requirements.
A. Since it is an ion battery installed in equipment with a watt-hour rating of 522 that makes this a fully regulated shipment. Transport will likely be by ground which would fall under US 49 CFR. This makes it UN3481 Lithium ion batteries contained in equipment Class 9 with no packing group. Hopefully the battery doesn’t weigh more than 26 pounds. If it does, then we will need to have a slightly different conversation. So, following 173.185 of the 49 CFR you don’t need UN Specification packaging. As for the outside you will need the UN number, proper shipping name, and the Class 9 hazard class label (preferably the one dedicated to batteries). You will need a shipping paper completed for this as outlined in 172.200. No placards would be needed unless you ship 8820 pounds Continue Reading…
Standard 4G UN combination packaging is tested in a specific configuration with specific inner packaging and components. When using standard 4G UN combination packaging, you must use very similar components that match the configuration of the way the package was tested in the lab. This can make it rather difficult at times to find a packaging solution to meet your specific needs. In comes variation packaging to save the day! Variation packaging allows you to use various types of inner packaging, such as bottles, cans, jars, and smaller plastic containers while using a fiberboard box that meets the UN specifications and the ISTA requirements.
This packaging is ideal when a combination of different inner components is needed, or when the party responsible for shipping has a variety of products to ship. This type of packaging carries labeling marks designated 4GV. Below is a list of some rules and regulations per 49 CFR 178.601 (g) (2) if you decide to utilize variation packaging:
Articles of any type, liquid or solid, may be assembled and transported using variation packaging if the following conditions are met below:
The same cushioning material must be used as what the package was tested with. If the package was tested with an absorbent pouch and 2 pillows, the same must be used during the shipping process. The same goes for any fiberboard insert associated Continue Reading…